Congress enacted the Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act in 1990. This act required all post-secondary institutions participating in federal student aid to disclose safety and security policies and procedures and campus crime statistics. The act has been amended numerous times, with the 1998 amendments renaming the law the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act (The Clery Act) in memory of a student who was sexually assaulted and murdered in her university dorm room in 1986.
The Clery Act contains specific campus safety and security-related requirements and is designed to function as a consumer protection law, requiring institutions of higher learning to be more transparent in regard to campus safety policy, procedures, and crime statistics. This ensures both current and prospective students and employees have access to information regarding campus safety.